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Who are these Kamboj people 2


Old 03-25-2002, 12:46 AM

THIND
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Default Professor Abaya Aryasinghe is

Professor Abaya Aryasinghe is a Sri Lankan intellectual, historian and educationist.

According many Sri Lankan intellectuals including Prof A. Aryasinghe, the #039;Khmers/Cambodians#039; of Indo-China and the #039;Kambojas#039; of Ashoka#039;s Inscriptions (Noerth-west India) were of same people....
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#22
Old 06-14-2002, 10:44 AM
THIND
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Default Sri Roy could have easily exte

Sri Roy could have easily extended the logic and concluded that
Afghanistan was another fixed deposit created by the Muslims quite
some time before Pakistan and Bangaladesh came into existence. But Sri
Roy is not the only Hindu to have missed that point. Hindu society as
a whole has ceased to remember that Afghanistan rose on the ruins of
Gandhara and Kamboja, the two ancient JANAPADAS of Bharatavarsha which
had stood guard at our North-Western gateway for ages untold.
http://groups.google.com/groups?q=kamboja+afghanistanhl=enlr= ;selm=Pine.A32.3.91.950327120907.22957A-100000%40stallion.jsums.edurnum=7
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#23
Old 06-23-2002, 08:22 PM
LS.THIND
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Default SHAHI DYNASTY OF AFGHANISTAN…T

SHAHI DYNASTY OF AFGHANISTAN…TO ALL PROBABILTY WAS A KAMBOJ DYNASTY.
SHAHI IS STILL A WELL-KNOWN KAMBOJ CLAN NAME.

Raja Jaya Pal Shahi, Ruler of Punjab bore the brunt of the Islamic Onslaught

The year 980C.E. marks the beginning of the Muslim invasion into India proper when Sabuktagin attacked Raja Jaya Pal in Afghanistan. Afghanistan is today a Muslim country separated from India by another Muslim country Pakistan. But in 980 C.E. Afghanistan was also a place where the people were Hindus and Buddhists. The name "Afghanistan" comes from "Upa-Gana-stan" which means in Sanskrit "The place inhabited by allied tribes"**. This was the place from where Gandhari of the Mahabharat came from Gandhar whose king was Shakuni. The Pakthoons are descendants of the Paktha tribe mentioned in Vedic literature. Till the year 980 C.E., this area was a Hindu majority area, till Sabuktagin from Ghazni invaded it and displaced the ruling Hindu king - Jaya Pal Shahi.

http://www.hinduweb.org/home/history...ajnamavali.htm

Afghanistan= from "Upa-gana-stan," Sanskrit for #039;land of the Afghans,#039; that is, #039;land of the allied tribes#039; ….(i.e agglomeration of tribes).

http://www.aboutlatinlanguage.com/article1363.html

**AFGHANISTAN…….OUR EDUCATED COMMENT:
Referring to any Hindi Dictionery e.g. Bhargava’s Standard Dictionary Hindi-English, 5th Revised Enlarged Edition, 2000, p 97

Upa = prefix used in the sense of ….down; near; towards; deputy; under; on; by; with; by means of; in vicinity of c.

Upa also means sub-; a part of .

Gan or Gana = tribe, Jana (Sanskrit term)

Stan=Land, home. (Sanskrit term)

Thus Upa+Ganah=’ Upganah means a sub-tribe’ and not ‘allied tribes’ or ‘agglomeration of tribes’.

Thus, by this above analysis,
Upa+gana+stana means

.LAND OF THE “SUB-DIVISION” OF THE GANA or
.LAND OF THE SUB-DIVISION OF THE JANA or
.LAND OF SUB-TRIBE or,
.LAND OF SUB-GANAH or,
.LAND OF A SECTION OF ONE TRIBE…does not make sense at all.

Thus the meaning as defined above in these websites is totally wrong and misleading. It does not convey the meaning of LAND OF THE ALLIED TRIBES or AGGLOMERATION OF TRIBES as the writer claims but it amounts to saying that Afghanistan was so called because it was land of a sub-tribe. That is riduculous/senseless.

Some times, some writers try to force fit their own subjective opinions or otherwise try to find a solution to an unresolved issue by inventing their own expedient theories, which rather than solving the riddle further complicate the issue. This is absolutely not the way the name ‘AFGHANISTAN’ had got invented.

Please see our earlier discussion concerning how the modern name Afghan had, to all probabilty, evolved from THE NAME OF ANCIENT #039;ASHVAKAYAN#039; (PANINI) OR ASHVAKAN (MCCRINDLE) KAMBOJAS OF SWAT/KUNAR VALLEYS.


AND WHO COULD BE THE SHAHI DYNASTY OF AFGHANISTAN?

SHAHI: the SHAHI dynasty of Afghanistan may indeed have some thing to do with the Kambojs. As stated above, the modern Kambojs still have a SHAHI clan name among their list of clans. The seat of action is also East Afghanistan which is undoubtedly regarded as the land of the Kambojs. We will submit our opinions on this issue later some times.

See below:
Form 6th century BC to 6th Century AD. The history of the Hindu Shahis can be traced back to the Turk Shahis of Kabal. The former was founded by Kallar*, an usurper of the throne of Lankaturman, the last ruler of the Turks Shahi dynasty of Afghanistan, in AD 843.

He shifted his capital to Hund on (North West Frontier Province…Al Biruni’s Wahind) the right Bank of the Indus, in the Peshawar Valley in due course of time the Hindu-Shahi rulers realized them suzerainty in other part of the Indus region. However the (world Famous) salt range in believed to the their stronghold as the frequency of the Hindu temples.

http://www.geocities.com/khizarhayats/Pakarch.htm


Please also refer to History Culture of Indian People, Imperial Kanauj Vol IV, p 112, Struggle for Empire, p 26, Dr R. C. Majumdar, Dr A. D. Pusalkar

COMMENT: The seat of Hindu dynasty is east Afghanistan here. This East Afghanistan factor blended with the fact that the kings have been called ‘SHAHI’(SHAHI is a Kamboja clan names till date) are powerful indicators that the Shahi dynasty of the Afghanistan of 9th c AD could indeed have been a Kamboja dynasty.
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#24
Old 06-25-2004, 05:29 AM
TRUTHFUL
Posts: n/a
Default "As for the word Afghan, i

"As for the word Afghan, it comes from the Sanskrit word Ashvaka where ashva stands for horse. Now ashva of the Sanskrit transforms into asp in the Persian in which language these people were called Aspagan. One has to be completely one-deaf not to see the transformation of Aspagan to Afghan through usage. From the chronicles of Alexander the Macedonian we hear of two tribes called Assakenoi and Aspasioi that he fought with and defeated in the region of the Katgala Pass between Swat and Dir. Assakenoi is a straightforward Hellenised version of Ashvaka (Assaka in the vernacular, Ashvakayana of Pani9ni#039;s Ashtadhyai..4.1.110) while Aspasioi [Asvayana of Panini#039;s Ashtadhyai...6.4.174] is what the word Aspzai -- Tribe of the horses became on Macedonian tongues…..Among these people was one tribe -- the Aspzai -- of excellent horsemen who were known for breeding and trading in the finest breed of horses. Their land was then known as Kamboja of Sanskrit/Pali literature [Kamboja assanam ayatanam..Samangvilasini, I, p 124]. The mind does not have to be taxed hard to see the modern, duly Islamised tribal name of Yusufzai as coming from the ancient Aspasioi or Aspzai."


Note: I have added the parenthesised text for better clarity or authenticity.
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#25
Old 06-26-2004, 02:33 AM
TRUTHFUL
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Default To do a justice to the author

To do a justice to the author, I have made Correction in parenthesised expression as under. Sorry for the inadvertent error.


[Their land was then known as Kamboja of Sanskrit/Pali literature ..Kamboja assanam ayatanam..Samangvilasini, I, p 124].
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#26
Old 06-26-2004, 11:32 PM
TRUTHFUL
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Default They taught lessons to kings

They taught lessons to kings

By Gur Rattan Pal Singh

"CHANDRAGUPTA MAURYA and Alexander the Great had Chanakya and Aristotle, respectively, as their teachers. Evaluation of the influence the teachers exercised over their students, who later on became the most powerful kings in world history, can be quite interesting. Most historians are of the view that Chandragupta Maurya belonged to Bihar, and that he called himself Maurya because his mother was the keeper of royal peacocks (mor) at Pataliputra. He came to Punjab and conquered it. Afterwards, with the help of the Punjab army he seized the Nanda empire. However, there are reasons to believe that Chandragupta belonged to the Kshatriya caste of the ruling Ashvaka tribe of the Koh-i-Mor territory. He called himself Maurya after his homeland. McCrindle, in his book on Alexander’s invasion says: "From the remark of Plutarch that in the early years he had seen Alexander, we may infer that he was a native of the Punjab." Chanakya was born in a Brahmin family at Takshashila (Taxila in Rawalpindi district), the capital of Gandhara, in about 346 B.C. His original name was Vishnugupta, but his parents called him by the pet name of Chanakya. He had studied all the constitutions of numerous states existing at that time in Punjab. After pain-staking work and thought, he wrote Arthashastra which was to serve the purpose of a guide or manual for kings, enabling them to acquire power and preserve it....".

www.tribuneindia. com/1999/99jan10/sunday/head6.htm

About KOH-I-MOR

Could the surname name MORYA be related to the MOR of the KOH-I-MOR? Is it possible? Why not?. Note that this KOH-I-MOR [hill of MOR] is located in the heart of the ancient Kamboja territories as the Ashvakas were the well known Kshatrya Kamboja clans living in Swat/Kunar valleys and they find mention as Assakenois [Assaka in the vernacular, Ashvakayana of Panini#039;s Ashtadhyai..4.1.110] and Aspasios [Asvayana of Panini#039;s Ashtadhyai...6.4.174] in the classical writings. Their land was then known as ASSANAM-AYATNAM....land of horses....the Kamboja of Sanskrit/Pali literature [Kamboja assanam ayatanam.........see Buddhist Jataka Samangvilasini, I, p 124].

"...It is (Kamboja) often mentioned as the famous birthplace of horses (assánam áyatanam) (E.g., DA.i.124; AA.i.399; Vsm.332; also J.iv.464)..".

http://www.palikanon. com/namen/ka/kamboja.htm

Probably Santrakotos and Sisikotuos of the the Greek writings refer to one and the same personage. Another important thing to be noted here is the fact that Ashoka#039;s Shahbazgarhi Rock Edicts no XIII [Yona-Kamboja-Gandharanam.....], no V [Yona-Kambojesu......]are located in the same very region signifying that this land formed the Kamboja population region.

Read also: ".....An interesting feature in Bajour topography is a mountain spur from the Kunar range, which curving eastwards culminates in the well-known peak of Koh-i-Mor, which is visible from the Peshawar valley. It was here, at the foot of the mountain, that Alexander found the ancient city of Nysa and the Nysaean colony, traditionally said to have been founded by Dionysus. The Koh-i-Mor has been identified as the Meros of Arrian#039;s historythe three-peaked mountain from which the god issued. It is also interesting to find that a section of the Kafir community of KAMDESH*** still claim the same Greek origin as did the Nysaeans; still chant hymns to the god who sprang from Gir Nysa (the mountain of Nysa); whilst they maintain that they originally migrated from the Swat country to their present habitat in the lower Bashgol. ..."

http://www.1911encyclopedia.org/B/BA/BAJOUR.htm

*** COMMENT: This land is still inhabited by the Kafir Kambojs ...also known variously as Kam, Kamoze, Kamtoz, Camoze, Caumoje etc. [Please read this thread to refresh your knoledge about Kafir Kambojs of Nuristan]. They are undoubtedly the moderrn descendents of the ancient Kambojas. About their above genelogical claims from the Nysean Greeks, it can be stated that the modern moslem Kams also claim to be related to Qureish tribe of Prophet Mohammad. So one should not take these self claimed genealogical lines of these Kafirs of Kafirstan/Nuristan very seriously. As the investigators like Scott Robertson [The Kafirs of Hindukush] and Alaf Caroe [The Pathans] rightly observe, it has become a fashion with every section of Moslem population to genealogically link itself with the line of the Prophet. So much so, even the Moslem Kambojs [the Zuberi Kambohs] also claim their lineage from Prophet Mohhamad. I will give a website later in support of my above statements.

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#27
Old 07-28-2004, 02:56 PM
TRUTHFUL
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Default NAME AFGHAN DERIVED FROM ASHVA

NAME AFGHAN DERIVED FROM ASHVAKA, ASVAKAN, ASSAKAN, ASSAKENOI,ASHYVAKAYA
[A sub-section of the Kambojas of Kunar/Swat valleys]:

.....FEW MORE REFERENCES FROM LITERATURE

AFGHAN DERAVTION FROM ASSAKAN [i.e. ASVAKAN]:

Dr M. R. Singh writes: #039;Dr S. B. Chaudhury has identified the Apaga with Afghan [ ESAI...Ethnic Settlements in Ancient India, p 104] but it is more likely that the name Afghan is contracted from the Assakan and not the Apagas....(M. A. p 158n) "

[The Geographical Data in The Early Puranas, 1972, p 179, Dr M. R. Singh, Jaipur University, Rajasthan]


AFGHAN DERIVATION FROM ASVAKA
SAAN MARTIN [FRENCH SCHOLAR]

"Today Afghanistan has become synonymous with Islam but it is a fact that it has been Islamic only for the last one thousand years. Prior to that for five thousand years it was the cradle of Hindu and Buddhist cultures. In ancient times Afghanistan was politically and culturally an integral part of India. Its ancient name was ‘Upgansthan’."

"In sixth century AD Varahmihir has mentioned the term ‘Avgaan’ in his book ‘Brihatsamhita’. French scholar Saan Martin is of the opinion that the word ‘Afghan’ originates from the Sanskrit word ‘ashvak’ meaning horserider. There are references to Afghanistan in Sanskrit literature as ‘Ashkayan’ meaning the route of horseriders."

http://www.indpride. com/afghanistan.html


AFGHAN DERIVATION FROM ASVAKA [BIBLIOMANIA DICTIONERY HOBSON JOBSON]

"Bellew insists on the distinction between the Afghan and the Pathan (PUTTAN)".

“The Afghan is a Pathan merely because he inhabits a Pathan country, and has to a great extent mixed with its people and adopted their language” (Races of Af., p. 25).

#039;The name (i.e Afghan) represents Skt. asvaka in the sense of a ‘cavalier,’ and this reappears scarcely modified in the Assakani or Assakeni of the historians of the expedition of Alexander.#039;

http://www.bibliomania. com/2/3/260/1268/19840/1/frameset.html

AFGHAN FROM ASHVAKA
"As for the word Afghan, it comes from the Sanskrit word Ashvaka where ashva stands for horse. Now ashva of the Sanskrit transforms into aspa in the Persian in which language these people were called Aspagan. One has to be completely one-deaf not to see the transformation of Aspagan to Afghan through usage. From the chronicles of Alexander the Macedonian we hear of two tribes called Assakenoi and Aspasioi that he fought with and defeated in the region of the Katgala Pass between Swat and Dir. Assakenoi is a straightforward Hellenised version of Ashvaka (Assaka in the vernacular, Ashvakayana of Panini#039;s Ashtadhyai..4.1.110) while
Aspasioi [aspa in vernacular, Asvayana of Panini#039;s Ashtadhyai...6.4.174] is what the word Aspzai -- Tribe of the horses became on Macedonian tongues…..Among these people was one tribe -- the Aspzai -- of excellent horsemen who were known for breeding and trading in the finest breed of horses.*** The mind does not have to be taxed hard to see the modern, duly Islamised tribal name of Yusufzai as coming from the ancient Aspasioi or Aspzai."

http://www.jang. com.pk/thenews/feb2003-weekly/nos-16-02-2003/dia.htm

***The land was then known as #039;Kamboja#039; of Sanskrit/Pali literature ....and was called #039;Kamboja assanam ayatanam#039;..in Buddhist text Samangvilasini, [P.T.S. I, p 124]. Please compare #039;Assa#039; (Assaka) of #039;Assa-nam#039; of the Pali with Sanskrit #039;Ashva#039;.


AFGHAN FROM ASHVAKA
"Afghans and the history of theirs is much older than even 1700 years as mentioned by Mr Maiwandi. As during the invasion of Alexender the great in 327 BC when his army was passing through the intricate pass of Khaiber, he was met with strong opposition from the people of Massaga?(one of the forts on a hillock )whome greek historian Arian and Strabulus have pronounciated as "ASSAKANIANS" and sanskrit sources of the time have mentioned the name "ASHVAKAYANS". Well comming back to the opposition by the people of Massaga. It is worth mentioning that Alexender was unable to march further as he failed to subdue Assakanians (ancestors of Afghans) so he did a stratagem by comming to an agreement with the queen of Afghans named Kleophis in greek records (Kripa or Kripi in indian records), as per the agreement Afghans had to leave the place without arms till the army of Alexender could pass safely from the area and later on Afghans can return to their fort, however when unarmed afghans were (numbering 7000) were leaving the place ,the army of Alexender massacered all of them treacherously. so it was 2300 years ago that we get the mention of the word "Assakan" or "Ashvakan" which later on pronunciated as "Afgans"

Sanjeet Srivastava -- Jammu, India

http://www.wordwizard. com/clubhouse/founddiscuss1.asp?Num=2398

ASVAKA/ASMAKA
Sanskrit authors speak of both Asmaká and Asvaká. It is not possible to say whether these represent two distinct tribes or whether they are variant names for the same people. Asanga mentions Asmaka in his Sútrálankára as a territory on the basin of the Indus. This would make it identical with the Assakenus of Greek writers, that is to the east of the Sarasvati, about twenty-five miles from the sea on the Swat valley. Pánini mentions the Asmakas (iv.173)***. The Márkandeya Purána and the Brhat Samhitá place Assaka to the north-west. The Assaka capital, Potana, it has been suggested, is the Paudanya of the Mahábhárata (i.77, 47).

In the Commentary to Kautilya#039;s Arthasásta, Bhattasvámi identifies Asmaka with Mahárástra (Law, op. cit., 22).

http://www.palikanon. com/english/pali_names/ay/assaka.htm
http://www.tribuneindia. com
http://www.tribuneindia. com


*** Panini in his Ashtadhyai mentions Ashvakayana [Ashtadhya Sutra 4.1.110] and Asvayana [Ashtadhyai Sutra 6.4.174] which represent Greek Assakenois and Aspasios respectively. Asmaka [Ashtadhyai IV.173] literally means land of stone. Ashvaka derives from Panini#039;s Ashvakayana.

TRUTHFUL
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#28
Old 07-28-2004, 03:39 PM
TRUTHFUL
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Default ASHVAKAS/ASSAKAS...........THE

ASHVAKAS/ASSAKAS...........THE KAMBOJAS

Greek and Roman References

ANOTHER VIEW:

"In a well-known and much repeated story, Herodotus (4th century B.C.) mentions a war-like people on the frontier of India, near to whom are found gold-digging ants. Herodotus provides the name Dadikai for one of the groups living on India#039;s frontier, which was then the seventh satrapy of the Achaemenian empire. Writing much later, Strabo (64 B.C. to A.D. 23) and Pliny (A.D. 23 to A.D. 79) repeat Herodotus#039; story and name the war-like people Dardae. Alexander, whose travels provide much of the data for classical geography of India, apparently did not meet any Dard people, but he did go to a place called Daedala.

Curtius reports Alexander fought against people called Assakenoi in Daedala. Tucci assumes the Assakenoi were a Scythican tribe*** whose name derives from the word for horse (Tucci 1977:29). Herodotus#039; Dadikai may be the Persian name for the darada given in the Puranic lists, which Strabo and Pliny applied to the war-like people whom they equated with Curtius#039; Assakenoi. Hence, Herodutus#039; original citation appears to have been derived from Puranic sources. Finally, Ptolemy gives us a map that shows the Indus River arising in the country of the daradrai (map in McCrindle 1885), a term that appears to be received from Sanskrit epic and Puranic sources."*

http://www.monitor.net/~jmko/karakoram/dard.htm

*COMMENT-1: The Dardae were living north to Asakenois. Assakenois were living in Kunar/Swat Valleys. Where as Dardas were located north-west of Ksshmir. The Kambojas and Dardas are mentioned living to gether in Sanskrit literature [e.g. DARDAN SAHA KAMBOJAIRAJYAT PAKSHASNI....MBH 2/27/23: also cf: KAMBOJA DARDASHCHA BARBARA ANGLOKIKA......see Kirfel#039;s text of Uttarapatha countries of Bhuvanakosha/Puranic literature etc] . The KAMBOJAS referenced here are the same as the ASSAKENOIS of the Classical writers who are referenced together with the DARDAE/DARDIKA.

cf: ANOTHER DIFFERING VIEW: "One of the tribes living in Swat (a mountain province of Pakistan, whose name derives from sanscrit Suvasto, country of the beautiful buildings) is called locally Assaka, the Assakenoi of the Greeks, see Tucci (1978). Now ASSA (prascrit) = ASVA (sanscrit) = ASPA (old Persian), means "horse", implying, with our interpretation of the word KA, the expressive meaning people of the horses. It is known that the Chinese called the ihnvading Mongols of Gengis Khan the People of the Horses.** In Spedicato (1997) it has been argued that the real meaning of the word Hyksos, the fierce warriors that invaded Egypt at the end of the 13th dynasty, is also People of the horses, from HYK = AK and SOS = SUS (hebrew) = HORSE. In the framework of this interpretation we can also propose that the Saka people who invaded Sistan were the same as the Assaka, and even that such a meaning is behind the name Kazakh (an eastern Kazakh tribe is still named Sachs)."

http://itis.volta.alessandria.it/epi...4/ep4sped3.htm

**COMMENT-2: It is obvious that there is no life and force in the arguments of this author, who relates the Mong-2ols with the Sanskrit Ashvakas/Ashvakayanas/Asvayanas, Pali Assaka/Asmaka(?) and the Greek Assakenois/Aspasios. The Ashvakas are known to be living Swat/Kunar valleys since 4th c BC or much earlier. There is no evidence that the Mongols were in Swat/Kunar valleys in the 4th c BC or earlier. Also, the Kambojas are many times considred allied to the Sakas and considred are SCYTHIANS by some scholars which may not be correct. Some sections of the Kambojas esp of the Yognobian Kambojas [or the Parama-Kambojas of Mahabharata [Lohana paramakambojanarishikanutrapani ......MBH 2/27/25], appear to have come under cultural, social and linguistic influences from the Homaverga Sakas and hence could be comnsidered to be #039;Scythinesd#039; or #039;Scythians#039; in loose terminlogy. There was not much cultural/linguistic contacts of Ashvaka Kambojas located in Paropamisadean region with the Sycthian population from north of Pamirs....i.e.Uzbeksthan. Parama-Kambojas lived around head-waters of Zeraphshan river... comprising partly region from Fargana and partly from Sogdiana.
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#29
Old 07-28-2004, 11:14 PM
TRUTHFUL
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Default INCORRECT: **COMMEN

INCORRECT:

**COMMENT-2: It is obvious that there is no life and force in the arguments of this author, who relates the Mong-2ols with the Sanskrit Ashvakas/Ashvakayanas/Asvayanas, Pali Assaka/Asmaka(?) and the Greek Assakenois/Aspasios. The Ashvakas are known to be living Swat/Kunar valleys since 4th c BC or much earlier....

CORRECTION:

**COMMENT-2: It is obvious that there is no life and force in the arguments of this author, who relates the Mongols with the Sanskrit Ashvakas/Ashvakayanas/Asvayanas, Pali Assaka/Asmaka(?) and the Greek Assakenois/Aspasios. The Ashvakas are known to be living Swat/Kunar valleys since 4th c BC or much earlier....

Inadvertent error is regretted.
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#30
Old 07-31-2004, 05:30 AM
TRUTHFUL
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Default MORE ON ASSAKAN=ASHYVAKAN=ASHV

MORE ON ASSAKAN=ASHYVAKAN=ASHVAKAYAN=AFGHAN

"..............According to local tradition the eastern part of Hara ("Ghor"), where the Hari River rises, was once settled by a people referred to as "Assakan" and "Bnei Yisral" or Children of Israe l20. "ASSAKAN" was shortened to "Sak" or "Sok" and local Muslim lore equated the term with the ame "Isaac", father of Israel21. A dialectical variation of "ASSAKAN" is AFGHAN 22 and the names "Bnei Yisral" and "Afghan" were applied later to a group from Armenia who settled in the area after the original "Bnei Yisral" and "Assakan" had moved out23.................."

http://www.britam.org/3rd-Edition/Th...pter-Four.html

COMMENT:
It is baloney to relate the AFGHANS to the ISRAILIS.

But the article accepts connection between name AFGHAN and ASSAKA/ASSAKAN [=ASHVAKA/ASHVAKAN=ASHVAKAYANA of Panini#039;s Ashtadhyai..4.1.110; cf : Asvayana of Panini#039;s Ashtadhyai...6.4.174 = the ASSAKENOIS and the ASPASIOIS of classical writings. These Ashvayan/Ashvakayan people occupied Kunar/Swat valleys and their land was called Kambojo Assa.nam.ayatanamma..Kamboja land of horses in Buddhisat Texts like Sumangavilasini]

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Saif Fazel

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